If you have a modern camera that can record log or raw and has 13 stops or more of dynamic range you need to stop thinking “video” and think “film”.
This scared the hell out of me. Reading a paragraph like this, written by a definite authority on the topic, about the very camera I had just purchased back in 2016. The PMW-F5, my first large sensor camera. I was ready, I was keen and thought I knew what I was getting myself in for. I knew nothing about how to transition from video gammas to LOG/RAW formats.
Then, you read that quote. My film experience is explicitly none. Zero. I’d always been constrained within the realm of video, and it’s broadcast standard constraints. Even further, I had always worked in networks with engineers, who would actually forbid you from changing any setting remotely related to “Gamma” or “Knee”. I, in fact, didn’t even know what these things were or what they did… (Many times I think I still don’t know, I tend to change a setting, see if anything changes at all, then reset it)
Full credit then to Alistair Chapman, whom I had the privilege of getting to study from at a two day workshop he was invited to run at a major network here in London for their staff, and I just happened to be a lucky freelancer there on the same day, and found myself able to be an audience member.
They focused on the FS7 and FS5 cameras, and their Cine/Hypergamma settings, as well as how to correctly expose for shooting in the Sony S-Log 2 & 3 settings. So all the knowledge about “never going over 100% exposure” from my tape Betacam SP days, was destroyed in an instant. Now, it’s a case of don’t underexpose, and a little overexposure isn’t a bad thing! The reason being is that High Dynamic Range cameras like the PMW-F5 retain a hell of a lot of information now in the higher end of the scale, rather than the in the darker end like video did. Only when shooting in CineEI mode, of course.
Right, so you’ve found yourself transitioning from Video Gammas to LOG/RAW formats without much notice. What are you to do? You’re in the field, you have a HDR camera, and your client has requested the ability to grade the hell out of the raw material that you’ll give them at the end of the day. You only know that skin tones for news gathering should be around 70%, the highlights should be around 90%, and everything else should work out right?
Well, if you’re shooting in S-Log and have that idea, you’re going to give your editor or grader an aneurysm. Your shots will be horrifically overexposed, your dark areas will be devoid of black, and the whole shot just looks a little “mushy”. Your shots looked good in the viewfinder, albeit completely desaturated and a healthy tone of grey throughout. It used to be a case of WYSIWYG (What you see is what you get) but that’s not the case anymore? What are you supposed to do to know how it will look?
That is really it. You’re simply digitally holding a filter over your viewfinder eye to shoot like a news operator would, sticking to your old, archaic rules and conventions, but the material is being recorded in the S-LOG format at levels that are acceptable to grade with. This technique does require a small amount of preparation before shooting. Here is what you need to do:
All the talk of “High Dynamic Range” and “Lookup Tables” (LUTs) scared the hell out of me, and frankly still does some days. But it’s far less scary now than it was at the beginning. I’ve completed several shoots now using this technique, and as is standard in our industry, I’ve yet to hear anything back, which generally means it’s not a disaster.
Hope this helps you when transitioning from video gammas to LOG/RAW formats, which feels like going from a “video peasant” to the “landed gentry of cinema”.